Sudarsan Pattnaik creates a sand sculpture of Malala Yousufzai at Birla Art Academy in Kolkata-PTI

Sudarsan Pattnaik creates a sand sculpture of Malala Yousufzai at Birla Art Academy in Kolkata-PTI

Sudarsan Pattnaik creates a sand sculpture of Malala Yousufzai at Birla Art Academy in Kolkata-PTI

Now that the protests are fizzling out, it’s worth asking what exactly they managed to accomplish. I see two major effects.