An Egyptian protester flashes the victory sign during clashes with the police near Cairo’s Tahrir Square—AFP

An Egyptian protester flashes the victory sign during clashes with the police near Cairo’s Tahrir Square—AFP

An Egyptian protester flashes the victory sign during clashes with the police near Cairo’s Tahrir Square—AFP

Now that the protests are fizzling out, it’s worth asking what exactly they managed to accomplish. I see two major effects.