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  Metros   Delhi  11 Mar 2018  High prevalence of conjunctivitis in NCR: Study

High prevalence of conjunctivitis in NCR: Study

THE ASIAN AGE.
Published : Mar 11, 2018, 1:30 am IST
Updated : Mar 11, 2018, 1:30 am IST

The study was done in rural areas of Guragon, Guwahati and coastal Prakasam district in Andhra Pradesh.

 (Representational image)
  (Representational image)

New Delhi: A recent study on the impact of air pollution and ultra violet radiation exposure on the health of eyes, conducted by AIIMS, has found that there is a high prevalence of dry eye and vernal kerato conjunctivitis (VKC) in NCR areas.

The study was done in rural areas of Guragon, Guwahati and coastal Prakasam district in Andhra Pradesh.

Funded by Indian Coun-cil of Medical Research (ICMR), the multicentric collaborative study was done to assess the impact of environmental chan-ges and ultraviolet ray exposure on ocular health for NCR (rural Gurgaon), rural Guwahati for the Northeast region and Hyderabad for coastal areas (Prakasam), by R.P. Centre, AIIMS.

The prevalence of dry eye was found in 817 people (22.7 per cent of the sample surveyed), conjunctivitis in 403 (11.2 per cent), and cataract in 1,131 (31.5 per cent) among Gurgaon residents aged above 40 years. In comparison, prevalence of these among Guwahati and Prakasam residents was significantly low.

Around 185 (5.8 per cent) people were found with dry eye and 293 (9.1 per cent) with VKC in Guwahati. There were just 41 people found with dry eye in the coastal Andhra district. However, the number of people with cataract was much higher in Prakasam, at 1,221 (42 per cent).

“An increased risk of dry eye was observed in Gurgaon only,” said the study.

“There was a direct corelation between high pollution levels and dry eye and VKC,” said Dr Radhika Tandon, R.P. Centre for Ophthalmic Sciences, AIIMS.

The prevalence of VKC among children aged 5-15 years was 0.35 per cent and 0.18 per cent in Gurgaon and Guwahati respectively.

“VKC among children has emerged as an important eye health problem apparently linked with environmental factors,” it said.

Tags: air pollution, conjunctivitis