Thursday, Oct 01, 2020 | Last Update : 01:35 AM IST

189th Day Of Lockdown

Maharashtra1351153104994735751 Andhra Pradesh6811616123005745 Tamil Nadu5863975307089383 Karnataka5824584697508641 Uttar Pradesh3908753312705652 Delhi2730982407035272 West Bengal2505802198444837 Odisha212609177585866 Telangana1872111564311107 Kerala179923121264698 Bihar178882164537888 Assam169985139977655 Gujarat1332191132403417 Rajasthan1288591077181441 Haryana1237821059901307 Madhya Pradesh117588932382207 Punjab107096840253134 Chhatisgarh9856566860777 Jharkhand7770964515661 Jammu and Kashmir69832495571105 Uttarakhand4533233642555 Goa3107125071386 Puducherry2548919781494 Tripura2412717464262 Himachal Pradesh136799526152 Chandigarh112128677145 Manipur9791760263 Arunachal Pradesh8649623014 Nagaland5768469311 Meghalaya5158334343 Sikkim2707199431 Mizoram178612880
  Life   More Features  17 Oct 2018  Dogs can understand language, process spoken words like humans, study finds

Dogs can understand language, process spoken words like humans, study finds

THE ASIAN AGE
Published : Oct 17, 2018, 11:52 am IST
Updated : Oct 17, 2018, 11:52 am IST

According to the study, they even process the spoken word in a similar way to humans - and in the same area of the brain.

A dozen dogs were trained to lie in an MRI scanner so their grey matter could be monitored as toys were held aloft.
 A dozen dogs were trained to lie in an MRI scanner so their grey matter could be monitored as toys were held aloft.

A new research now finds that dogs really can understand language, just like their owners say.

According to the study, they even process the spoken word in a similar way to humans - and in the same area of the brain.

 

This is the first time scientists have been able to shed light on the mystery.

A dozen dogs were trained to lie in an MRI scanner so their grey matter could be monitored as toys were held aloft.

According to the US study, different areas of the brain lit up when team either used the correct words to describe them - or spoke gibberish.

According to neuroscientist Professor Gregory Berns, of Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia, dogs may have varying capacity and motivation for learning and understanding human words, but they appear to have a neural representation for the meaning of words they have been taught, beyond just a low-level Pavlovian response.

 

First author of the study Ashley Prichard, a PhD candidate in Prof Bern's psychology lab, added, "Many dog owners think their dogs know what some words mean, but there really isn't much scientific evidence to support that. We wanted to get data from the dogs themselves - not just owner reports."

In the latest study the owners of 12 dogs of varying breeds were trained for months to retrieve two different textured objects - on hearing their name.

One, such as a stuffed animal, would be soft, and the other harder and made out of rubber, to facilitate discrimination.

After fetching them, the animals were rewarded with food or praise.

 

Once success was consistently achieved, the dog lay in the scanning machine as the owner stood at the opening and said the names of the toys at set intervals, then showed them to it.

According to Prichard they expected to see dogs neurally discriminate between words that they know and words that they do not.

"What is surprising is the result is opposite to that of research on humans - people typically show greater neural activation for known words than novel words,” he added.

Prof Berns said, "Dogs ultimately want to please their owners, and perhaps also receive praise or food."

Tags: dogs, mri, language, dogs understand human labguage, brain, canine, dogs understand language, pets and environment