Wednesday, Sep 23, 2020 | Last Update : 12:17 AM IST

182nd Day Of Lockdown

Maharashtra122438091634833015 Andhra Pradesh6317495518215410 Tamil Nadu5473374919718871 Karnataka5268764233778145 Uttar Pradesh3588932895945135 Delhi2492592133045014 West Bengal2283021989834421 Odisha184122149379763 Telangana1726081419301042 Bihar169856155824870 Assam159320129130578 Kerala13863398720554 Gujarat1247671051913337 Rajasthan116881972841352 Haryana113075908841177 Madhya Pradesh108167836182007 Punjab99930754092860 Chhatisgarh8618347653680 Jharkhand7267358543626 Jammu and Kashmir65026421151024 Uttarakhand4177729000501 Goa2875322726360 Puducherry2319118065467 Tripura2227215441245 Himachal Pradesh124387836125 Chandigarh102987411123 Manipur9010683859 Arunachal Pradesh7385540813 Nagaland5544445110 Meghalaya4733252838 Sikkim2447190529 Mizoram158510120
  Life   More Features  06 Oct 2019  Questionable artefact replaced in Museum of the Bible

Questionable artefact replaced in Museum of the Bible

Published : Oct 6, 2019, 12:58 pm IST
Updated : Oct 6, 2019, 12:58 pm IST

Museum of the Bible quietly replaces questioned artefact.

The Lunar Bible on display at the museum. (Photo: AP)
 The Lunar Bible on display at the museum. (Photo: AP)

Oklahoma City: The Museum of the Bible in Washington quietly replaced an artefact purported to be one of a handful of miniature Bibles that a NASA astronaut carried to the moon in 1971 after an expert questioned its authenticity. The move follows an announcement last year that at least five of 16 Dead Sea Scroll fragments that had been on display at the museum were found to be apparent fakes.

The museum replaced the original microfilm Bible with one that was donated by an Oklahoma woman who wrote a book about the Apollo Prayer League, which arranged for Apollo 14 astronaut Edgar Mitchell to carry tiny Bibles to the moon. “We know for sure that one on display right now went to the moon, but we could not verify for sure that the one we had originally on display had gone to the moon,” museum spokeswoman Heather Cirmo said. “We couldn’t disprove it, it just wasn’t certain.”


The USD 500 million museum was largely funded by the Green family, evangelical Christian billionaires who run the Oklahoma City-based Hobby Lobby chain of craft stores. The purported “lunar” Bible is just the latest item purchased by the family to come under scrutiny.

Steve Green, museum founder and president of Hobby Lobby, also purchased thousands of Iraqi archaeological artefacts for a reported USD 1.6 million, but was forced in 2018 to return them to the Iraqi government and Hobby Lobby paid a USD 3 million fine after authorities said they were stolen from the war-torn country and smuggled into the US. Museum officials have said none of those items were ever part of its collection.


As for the Dead Sea Scrolls that were called into question, the 11 remaining fragments are being tested, with results expected by the end of the year, Cirmo said. Two of the fragments remain on display with signs noting that they are being tested. The museum did not announce that it was replacing the lunar Bible — a decision Cirmo defended.

“It’s pretty ridiculous to think that any museum, that every time you switch something out you’re going to announce it on plaques,” Cirmo said. “Collectors make mistakes all the time. ... This is not something that is unique to Steve Green.” The item that was previously displayed is now in storage, Cirmo said.


Tulsa author Carol Mersch, who had raised concerns about its authenticity, donated the replacement Bible. ″(Green) is thankful, as is the museum, that someone came forward and donated one that actually went to the moon ... and that one didn’t cost anything,” Cirmo said.

Mersch was given 10 lunar Bibles by then-NASA chaplain the Rev John Stout, a co-founder of the Apollo Prayer League. Green, chairman of the museum’s board, bought the original Bible for about $56,000. It had also been displayed at the Vatican.

Mersch questioned its authenticity because it had a serial number that was only three digits; she said Stout engraved the authentic lunar Bibles with five-digit numbers. Mersch said the Bible she provided was authenticated by both Stout and Mitchell. “I thought (donation) the best thing I could do to honor Rev. Stout. He had asked me to donate them to museums,” Mersch said.


Green bought the item that was originally on display from Georgia-based Peachstate Historical Consulting, which acquired the Bibles from Stout’s brother, James Stout. The Stout brothers are both dead, as is Mitchell. Peachstate owner David Frohman did not respond to requests for comment.

In an interview with The Associated Press a month before the museum’s 2017 opening, Green acknowledged the museum had made some mistakes early on. “There’s a lot of complexities in areas that I’m still a novice at,” he said. “But we are engaging the best experts we can to advise and help us in that process.”

Tags: bible, museum