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Here's what you need to know about autism on World Autism Awareness Day

THE ASIAN AGE
Published : Apr 2, 2018, 8:54 pm IST
Updated : Apr 2, 2018, 8:54 pm IST

What needs to be understood is that symptoms and needs of children with autism can be extremely diverse.

A specific set of symptoms don’t apply to everyone with autism (Photo: AFP)
 A specific set of symptoms don’t apply to everyone with autism (Photo: AFP)

Understanding autism is crucial to identifying it in people around us in order to be able to help them. While the world marks autism awareness day through different initiatives and dialogues around the conditions, how much do we really know about it?

With a number of misconceptions surrounding the conversation about autism, there is need to clear the air by stating some facts about it. Here are few things you need to know about the condition in order to understand it better.

A specific set of symptoms don’t apply to everyone with autism

What needs to be understood is that symptoms and needs of children with autism can be extremely diverse. While some children may show signs of classic autism including flapping and spinning hence standing out as someone with the condition, some may not show any outwardly indication of autism, appearing to be verbal and well behaved.

What’s common among children with ASD are social problems in everyday life ranging from less social interest to low social motivation as compared to other children their age.

Bad parenting doesn’t cause autism

While many think autism is caused due to mothers who fail to nurture their children, kids with the condition being more likely to seizures points in another direction. No amount of faulty parenting can possibly lead to seizures and it doesn’t cause autism.

What causes autism?

A number of things including infections, metabolic issues, medications taken during pregnancy, brain abnormalities as well as genetic abnormalities may cause autism. Damage to the brain is the common outcome of all these causes.

Early diagnosis leads to better outcomes

Although earlier diagnosis may lead to better learning and communication skills along with fewer behavioural issues and more functional skills, it doesn’t necessarily mean a cure.

Conditions that may go along with autism

Early loss of social kills, lack of language skills, ADHD, intellectual disability, sleep problems, wandering and toe walking are conditions which might affect a child with autism.

Children with autism are just children

Kids with autism have similar issues as any other child but the only difference is that they may not be able to express it properly and can get irritable. They may react differently to ear infections, dental pain, constipation, parental separation and birth of a sibling. Change in their behaviour needs careful medical assessment and an investigative mindset.

Tags: health, world autism awareness day, autism in children, symptoms