It was 64 years ago the seed of annual NTBR was sowed after Jawaharlal Nehru’s debut visit to Alappuzha.
With a decline in farming as a vocation, Kerala boat race has taken a hit. However, oarsmen being imported from other parts of the country are giving the tradition a fresh lease of life.
Water in the Punnamada lake in Alappuzha catches fire on the “most scintillating second Saturday on the earth” when about 20 snake boats race in every August to win the Nehru Trophy Boat Race and lift the trophy, signed and sent by the first prime minister of the country 65 years ago. It’s the ultimate show of strength, stamina and skills by men in the Kuttanad region, where farming is undertaken on land below sea level, and country boats and rowing are a way of life.
Kuttanad, sprawled over a 500-km-long coastline accommodating the biggest wetlands in the country, once boasted of land of envious oarsmen. And boat racing was this charming land’s USP for long.
But the scene has changed, and at a speed that overtakes the fastest of the snake boat. As time passed, the reputation has taken a hit; it became bereft of skilled rowers.
As in many parts of the country, farming ceased to be a vocation that helped people live a decent life, forcing the youngsters to migrate to greener pastures leaving the boats and the race to their fate. But the spirit of race refused to die down, and local clubs found an alternative — They started bringing in oarsmen from other parts of the country.
“It started six years ago,” said Jameskutty Jacob, who last year lifted the coveted trophy leading Karichal’s serpentine 153-foot race boat. Now, you would find oarsmen from many parts of India rowing at the annual race. They are from Manipur, West Bengal, Odisha, Bihar and even Jammu and Kashmir.
“The trend of outsiders appearing in the Nehru Trophy Boat Race started after super-rich non-playing NRI businessmen with roots in villages took over the cash-strapped local boat clubs,” says Joseph Elamkulam, a boat race commentator.
“The criteria in recruiting outsiders are nothing but stamina and discipline,” says Rocha Chacko, a young oarsman from Kainakari who rows for New Aleppey Boat Club, maintaining that he has no qualms about leading a bunch of Kashmiri rowers. “They are better trained than us in dragon boat races, kayaking and canoeing. Most of them are trained by the Sports Authority of India and the Indian Army.”
Mr Jacob would also vouch for the oarsmen who helped him lift the trophy last year.
“They are loyal and workaholics,” he said. “Kuttanad is facing dearth of trained hands, thanks to our laziness.”
The guest oarsmen arrive at least a month before the race and join the training camp. Apart from food and accommodation, they would be paid handsomely. The pay begins at `1,000 a day. Each training camp budget is around `40-50 lakh. The rowers are provided nutritious diet of milk, eggs and meat daily. To top it, the club owners pay the rowers handsomely in kind.
“Kerala is full of friendly people,” said Mohammed Rafique who rowed for Town Boat Club Kumarakom this year. “We are from Srinagar. It was the love of the sport that has brought us to Alappuzha to participate in the competition. We would love to return next year as well.”
Last year’s race even kicked up a controversy when as many as 60 of the 110 oarsmen in the winning team were non-locals.
“We put a 25 per cent cap on migrant rowers this year,” says Veena N. Madhavan, Alappuzha district collector, who is also the chairperson of Nehru Trophy Boat Race Society, the organising body of the annual event.
It was 64 years ago the seed of annual NTBR was sowed after Jawaharlal Nehru’s debut visit to Alappuzha. Enthralled by the beauty of the lake and chants of rowers, he had jumped into a snake boat owned by Nadubhagom village which had won the debut Prime Minister’s Trophy Boat Race held there. The same race was renamed as NTBR after Nehru sent a signed plaque of a snake boat in silver to the district administration in 1953 suggesting the idea of an annual boat race to showcase the region’s unique culture.
Thrilled by the idea, villagers who lived along the banks and tributaries of Vembanad Lake parted themselves into constituencies with identity of villagers contributed funds to buy snake boats and train local rowers. And winners of Nehru Trophy were treated as icons in region. In the early ’70s and the ’80s Kuttanad witnessed great races when prosperous families from Christian and Nair communities in the region began funding races, but later those families tuned paupermaking boat racing great.