Decision would come in backdrop of country struggling to raise local oil production and imports about 80 percent of its oil.
New Delhi/Mumbai: India plans to create a giant oil company by combining state-owned firms, finance minister Arun Jaitley said on Wednesday, as the world's third largest oil consumer looks to better compete with global majors in acquiring foreign assets.
New Delhi is struggling to raise local oil production and imports about 80 percent of its oil. Prime Minister Narendra Modi in 2015 set a goal of cutting that to 67 percent by 2020.
India is replacing China as the driver of global oil demand growth and the International Energy Agency expects it to account for a quarter of global energy use by 2040.
"We propose to create an integrated public sector oil major which will be able to match the performance of international and domestic private sector oil and gas companies," Jaitley said in his budget speech.
India has about a dozen state-run oil and gas companies - including Indian Oil Corp (IOC.NS), Oil and Natural Gas Corp (ONGC.NS), Hindustan Petroleum Corp (HPCL.NS). But alone they do not have the financial power to rival global oil majors in bids for overseas oil assets.
Combining them "will give them capacity to bear higher risks, avail economies of scale, take higher investment decisions and create more value for shareholders," Jaitley said.
It was not clear if Jaitley was talking about combining all state-run oil companies or just some of them.
"India has capacity to create not only one, we may create two, three more companies," Oil Minister Dharmendra Pradhan told television channel CNBC-TV18. "It will not be wise to put all eggs in one basket".
He said the government had announced the policy but it would be up to companies to determine the details of any mergers.
He said creation of oil giant would "de-risk" the firm and give it more leverage to go abroad as low oil prices hit revenue of producers and higher prices hurt fuel refiners.
The combined market cap of India's key oil and gas companies -- Oil and Natural Gas Corp, Oil India Ltd (OILI.NS), IOC, HPCL, and Bharat Petroleum Corporation Ltd (BPCL.NS) — is around $106 billion.
While this is less than the top oil companies such as Exxon Mobil Corp. (XOM.N), Royal Dutch Shell Plc (RDSa.L) or Chevron (CVX.N), it still gives India a formidable standing among companies such as Russia's Rosneft (ROSN.MM) with a market cap of around $70 billion or the UK's BP Plc (BP.L) which has a market cap of $115.57 billion.
Bigger negotiation power
Oil industry executives welcomed the plan. "A much bigger entity will give us bigger negotiating power in almost all activities globally such as the purchase of crude, technology, R&D (research and development) expertise...and faster decision making," said D K Sarraf, chairman of ONGC said.
"A merged entity can give the benefit of a sheer size of resources which is so far not available to any of the oil and gas companies individually," said M K Surana, chairman of HPCL.
However, analysts were a little wary as they felt the process could be lengthy and problematic.
"I think the motivation is right but the government has to be very careful in going ahead with the merger as that can take a lot of time in integrating cultures of various companies and the market conditions could also change," said Anish De, partner and head of oil and gas at KPMG in India.
India planned a similar move in 2005 but the proposal was turned down by a government-appointed panel.
"(The) key challenge will be integration issues, especially on the human resources side," said K Ravichandran, group head, corporate sector ratings, at ICRA Ltd.