Other than teaching, professors must also take care of the fact that their students don't surf the web in class, believe students, says a recent study.
In a recent mixed-method study, published in the Journal of 'Scholarship of Teaching and Learning,' researchers surveyed 478 undergraduates and 36 instructors on their perception of technology use in class.
The survey found that 9 per cent of students thought course materials that could be seen on other students' laptops were distracting, whereas 49 per cent thought that non-course materials on other students' screens were distracting.
Although most students used technology in class to keep up with the course, some also used it to catch up on other classes, or because they felt bored and not engaged in the classroom. Students felt strongly that it is their right to use technology as they see fit since they are adults paying for their education.
"While students felt that it was their choice to use the technology, they saw it as the instructors' responsibility to motivate them not to use it," said co-author of the study Elena Neiterman.
Instructors saw technology as useful for providing accessible education, but it was also distracting for them: 68 percent were bothered by the use of phones in the classroom.
Only 32 per cent were bothered by the use of laptops and tablets, however, probably because they assume that laptops and tablets are used by students for class-work.
Some instructors also reported that off-task technology not only affected student learning but also hindered their own ability to teach effectively.
"Some students said that instructors need to be more entertaining to keep students engaged in the classroom, but this is a big ask, given that we are not employed in the entertainment industry. There is also a question of what we are preparing our students for: If we are training them for future employment, we might need to teach them to focus even if the class is 'boring,'" said Neiterman.
The majority of instructors understood that banning technology in class is not an answer.
"Technology makes education accessible for students with disabilities, and many instructors use online tools such as Ted Talks and YouTube videos in class. Our students use technology to take notes -- students today don't even learn cursive in school," added Neiterman.
She added that banning technology in the classroom would not be lawful because it would expose students who use technology to accommodate a disability. "Even if it were possible. However, it is not feasible."
"A ban means policing. With larger class sizes, who is going to police students to ensure that they do not use technology," said Neiterman.