Tuesday, Sep 18, 2018 | Last Update : 09:40 PM IST
The two parties had secured a comfortable majority in six of the seven provinces.
Kathmandu: Nepal’s ruling Communist party CPN-UML has merged with CPN-Maoist Centre, a former Maoist rebel group, to form a super bloc that experts say will reshape politics after years of turbulence in the Himalayan nation.
The historic merger of the country’s two main Communist parties — which will convert the first and the third largest parties into a single political entity, Communist Party of Nepal (CPN) — comes after their sweeping win in the federal and provincial polls and is likely to usher in much-needed political stability.
The Left Alliance of the CPN-UML, led by Prime Minister K.P. Sharma Oli and CPN-Maoist Centre, led by former premier Prachanda, had in December secured 174 seats in the 275-member Parliament in the provincial and parliamentary polls.
Top leaders of the two communist allies, in a meeting on Monday night in Baluwatar, officially approved the “Left unity” deal, agreeing in principle on party leadership, organisation and ideology.
The deal, brokered through a series of negotiations since the two sides reached an understanding on merger in October last year, has confirmed the biggest political union in Nepal’s history.
The two parties had secured a comfortable majority in six of the seven provinces. In 2015, Nepal adopted a new Constitution that split the country into seven provinces.
In a seven-point pact signed by Mr Oli and Mr Prachanda, the two sides have agreed to form Communist Party of Nepal, a Leftist party with Marxist-Leninist ideology as its guiding principle.
The UML won 121 seats while the Maoist Centre secured 53 seats in Parliament. The unified party will have 174 seats, 10 short of two-thirds majority.
The Maoists, who fought government forces in a bitter civil war that claimed more than 16,000 lives and overthrew Nepal’s 240-year-old Hindu monarchy, dominated politics for more than two decades.
The decade-long conflict ended in a 2006 peace deal that saw guerilla leader Pushpa Kamal Dahal become Nepal’s first post-war Prime Minister.
Sources close to the Maoists said that the agreement was signed after interlocutors from the two sides hammered out a sketch deal on leadership, organisation and ideology which would be given the actual shape through a joint general convention in one-and-a-half year.
However, the agreement on leadership and organisation has not been mentioned in the written agreement.
Mr Oli and Mr Prachanda will jointly run the party, besides rotating the premiership, according to the understanding reached between the two chairmen.
The understanding also said that Mr Oli would head the government for the first three years, while Mr Dahal would lead the government for the remaining two years.
In power-sharing on governance, the CPN-UML and Maoist Center will retain President and Speaker of the Federal Parliament. Similarly, Maoist Center has retained the post of vice president, while deputy speaker will be from the UML.
The pact would ensure a Leftist government at the Center and in six provinces for a full five-year term.
A five-year government is expected to bring the much-needed stability in Nepal’s political sphere and usher the country into an era of peace and economic growth.
In October last year, the two parties, in a surprise move, had announced a pre-poll alliance and said that they would be merged following the federal and provincial polls.
The Nepali Congress (NC), led by former Prime Minister Sher Bahadur Deuba, faced a humiliating defeat in the historic parliamentary and provincial assembly polls, winning just 23 seats out of a total 165 seats.
The successful completion of polls, according to experts, would be a step forward in cementing democracy and providing political stability to Nepal, which has seen 10 Prime Ministers in as many years.